This question places sandpipers third. Let’s do that and see what happens. Remember, rule 4 says that sandpipers are in Howard Auditorium:
I also placed O to the right of S, as a reminder that rule 4 says that O comes after S.
So far, there are two Hs and one G on the diagram. Rule 3 says that there are three Gs, so we have to make the other two slots G:
This diagram easily eliminates A-C.
A is wrong because O has to be after S. So O can’t go second.
B and C are wrong because in this diagram the Hs are third and fourth, not second or fifth.
This diagram proves that D is possible:
D is CORRECT.
That diagram should also make clear why E is wrong. Rule five says that P is after T. So if T is fourth, then P has to go fifth.
But we also know that O has to go fourth or fifth, because rule four says that O is after S. So If we placed T fourth, then T, P and O would have to go in fourth and fifth. There’s no space for that.
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