DISCUSSION: For this type of question, it’s a guarantee that there’s a specific line in the passage that will make you 100% certain of the right answer.
You should practice justifying your answer by finding that line. It doesn’t take long once you get used to doing it.
- We’re never told about old techniques that aren’t being used. Paragraph 3 only lists techniques that are being used.
- Only paragraph 1 describes how tintypes work. It never mentions what chemicals are used.
- Pinhole cameras are mentioned in paragraph 3. We have no idea who uses them.
- Only paragraph 3 mentions egg whites. We have no idea what effect they produce.
- CORRECT. Paragraph 4 answers this. The new techniques were less expensive and produced photographs with fewer errors.
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“So while the stains and imperfection of prints made by albumen coatings…”
This line gave me some reason to believe D was a possibility. Albumen is a synonym for egg-white.
TutorLucas (LSAT Hacks) says
True, but the passage suggests there’s a distinction between “photographic paper coated with egg whites”, and “prints made from albumen coatings”. Also, it’s unclear whether we could refer to these stains and imperfections as an effect that is produced (in contrast to the intentional “expressive effects” mentioned in line 23). Stains and imperfections fall into the category of the accidents and idiosyncracies that the author mentions in 37 that are then imbued with meaning by the artist/audience. You could make the case that “effect” in the answer choice could also be interpreted as meaning unintentional effects as well, but common sense dictates that the answer choice isn’t really referring to these accidents and idiosyncracies.