QUESTION TEXT: For next year, the Chefs' Union has…
QUESTION TYPE: Strengthen
CONCLUSION: The average dollar amount of the chefs’ union’s requested raise is higher than the average dollar amount of the hotel managers’ union’s requested wage.
REASONING: The percentage of the chef’s requested wage is higher than the percentage of the hotel manager’s wage.
ANALYSIS: I think every logical reasoning section has a question on the difference between percentage and amount. A higher percentage can still be a lower amount. I’ll use an example:
Would you rather have 0.1% of Bill Gate’s money or 99% of a minimum wage worker’s money?
If the hotel managers have a higher salary than the chefs then 8% of their salary could be higher than 10% of the chefs’ salary. We could strengthen the argument by showing that the salaries are equal.
- This is irrelevant since we’re discussing the average salary per member.
- Good for the chefs. But the conclusion is about the dollar amount of the requests. It didn’t claim that the chefs would actually succeed in getting a raise.
- CORRECT. A higher percentage of a higher salary leads to a larger amount of dollars.
- Last year is irrelevant since we don’t know what their average salaries were. We need to know what their total salaries are this year.
- This doesn’t help because it doesn’t tell us whether the chefs earn more or the hotel managers still earn more.
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