QUESTION TEXT: A favorable biography of a politician omits…
QUESTION TYPE: Principle – Strengthen
CONCLUSION: For a biographer, this kind of ignorance cannot be used to evade blame for misleading readers.
REASONING: Everyone knew certain facts about a politician. The biographer didn’t include them in his biography: he claimed he didn’t know about the facts.
ANALYSIS: The right answer choice lets us blame the author. A lot of the wrong answer choices talk about “not blaming” or blaming “only if” (a necessary condition).
We need a sufficient condition for blaming. Always remember what conclusion you’re trying to support.
- We’re trying to blame the author. And we’re talking about an omission and not about the book’s popularity.
- The problem is that the biographer left out facts. We don’t know if readers actually misperceived anything.
- We’re trying to blame the author. This would let us “not blame” him.
- This is not helpful. Almost everyone had access to the facts, not just the author.
- CORRECT. The facts were widely available and the author did omit them: so we can blame him.
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