This is a harder than most first questions. It’s difficult to consider birds not in the forest.
Use your two diagrams to see what happens if the birds listed in the answer choice are out.
I’ll use answer A as an example. Check where “not J” is listed in your diagram. And then see if that forces anything else out, or forces something from the answer choice to be in.
It does. A is wrong because if J is out, S has to be in, not out. (rule 4).
B is wrong because if G is out, W is out too (rule 3).
C is wrong because if G is out, W is out too (rule 3).
D is CORRECT. Some people skip over this because it’s the longest. But it obeys the rules!
E is wrong because if S is out, J is in. That forces H in, which forces G and W out, too. But G and W aren’t in this answer choice.
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