QUESTION TEXT: Although the charter of Westside School states…
QUESTION TYPE: Sufficient Assumption
CONCLUSION: The school is violating its charter.
REASONING: The charter says the schools needs to have some students with special educational needs. But there are no children with learning disabilities.
ANALYSIS: This is a bad argument because it doesn’t make clear that all students with special educational needs have a learning disability. The school might have students with special educational needs even if none of them have a learning disability.
We could show that all special needs students have a learning disability. Then the lack of students with a learning disability means that there are also no special education students.
- Not quite. This leaves open the possibility that there is a student who has special educational needs but doesn’t have a learning disability.
- The stimulus already tells us that no students with learning disabilities are enrolled. This is just repetition.
- This tells us what we should do: it’s a value judgment. But the stimulus is making a statement of fact: there are currently no special needs students enrolled.
- CORRECT. Every special needs student has a learning disability. Since there are no students with learning disabilities then there must be no students with special educational needs.
- This doesn’t tell us whether or the charter actually is being violated.
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