QUESTION TYPE: Parallel Reasoning
ARGUMENTS: Jordan points out that business will be damned if they do and damned if they don’t.
Terry points out a way that environmental controls could be implemented without harming any particular business. Terry offers a solution.
ANALYSIS: Structure is very important here. Jordan is pessimistic and shows how things we go wrong either way. If the companies help the environment then they will be hurt. But if then don’t help the environment then there will be lots of pollution.
Terry is a problem solver. He says that if consumers demand change then we can help the environment without causing problems.
So the structure is: Jordan is whiny. You can’t have good without bad. Terry shows us how we can have a good thing without a bad thing.
- CORRECT. Jordan’s part is good: something bad happens either way. Terry offers a solution to one of the problems.
- Here Jordan describes how something can be good either way. And Terry just argues with his evidence.
- Jordan does point out that taxes and social reform are mutually exclusive. Terry doesn’t offer a solution. He just tells us what will happen if we don’t do anything.
- Here Terry is just warning about a possible bad consequence.
- Here Terry is just telling us which of two bad options we should choose.
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