QUESTION TEXT: Bureaucratic mechanisms are engineered to resist change….
QUESTION TYPE: Role in Argument
CONCLUSION: It’s not likely that bureaucracies will be simplified.
REASONING: Bureaucracies are good at resisting change.
ANALYSIS: The word “thus” usually indicates a conclusion. The second sentence is the conclusion, and the claim in the first sentence supports it.
- CORRECT. It supports the conclusion by giving us a reason that bureaucracies are unlikely to change.
- No. Dissatisfaction doesn’t affect whether or not bureaucracies are designed to resist change.
- The stimulus didn’t even say that bureaucratic systems are becoming more complex. It said that dissatisfaction is growing – that’s different.
- The stimulus didn’t say if it would be good or bad to weaken complex bureaucracies. It just said that it isn’t likely to happen.
- This gets it backwards.
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