QUESTION TEXT: Moralist: Humans have a natural disposition to…
QUESTION TYPE: Main Conclusion
CONCLUSION: Some acts of altruism cannot be said to be moral acts.
REASONING: We have a natural tendency to be altruistic. But only acts that are intended to fit within a moral code (i.e. they aren’t just the result of a natural tendency) can be moral.
ANALYSIS: This is a good argument, if we accept its premises. Moral behavior excludes acts that are merely based on instinctive tendencies.
A-C talk about what moral acts require. But the stimulus didn’t say anything about this except that moral acts must be consciously designed to follow a moral code.
- The argument hasn’t said what moral codes do or do not allow.
- The argument hasn’t said what motivates moral behavior.
- The argument has said nothing about moral behavior, except that it must be behavior consciously intended to comply with a moral code.
- CORRECT. Some are just instinctive, and therefore they weren’t consciously intended to fit within a moral code.
- Actually, the argument says that altruism is often based on a natural tendency: the opposite of reason.
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