QUESTION TEXT: In the absence of the anthropologist's reply,…
QUESTION TYPE: Principle – Strengthen
CONCLUSION: The chemist claimed the anthropologist had committed fraud.
REASONING: The anthropologist did not report her negative test results. The anthropologist claimed that the test had been performed incorrectly.
ANALYSIS: The stimulus doesn’t tell us what counts as fraud. The correct answer (E) gives a very strict definition: you pretty much have to report everything that could even be incorrectly seen as a disconfirmation of your idea.
- The anthropologist did not report anything. That’s the problem.
- This tells us that someone can commit fraud despite doing some honest things. The anthropologist only did something dishonest. And this answer choice doesn’t actually help us define fraud.
- This supports the anthropologist.
- The anthropologist didn’t report any results.
- CORRECT. The experiment certainly could be interpreted as disproving the anthropologist; even if the experiment was actually flawed and couldn’t disprove anything.
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