QUESTION TEXT: A recent study reveals that television advertising…
QUESTION TYPE: Weaken
CONCLUSION: TV doesn’t really affect which breakfast cereals children like.
REASONING: One group of children watched TV and the other didn’t. Both groups liked sugary cereals.
ANALYSIS: The correct answer shows that peer pressure could explain why the non-TV group had the same preferences as the TV group.
- CORRECT. This shows that TV influences all children, since children are influenced by their peers who watched TV.
- There could be other environmental factors apart from TV that cause children to prefer sweet cereals. Maybe they see billboards, or hear radio ads, etc.
- This is likely, if you think about it. TV ads repeat frequently. The main point is that there was no difference between the group that was exposed to the ads and the group that wasn’t.
- This would strengthen the argument. Both groups reacted the same to low sugar cereal even though one group watched TV and the other didn’t.
- This doesn’t matter: the conclusion was about children. Their minds may work differently.
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