QUESTION TYPE: Sufficient Assumption
CONCLUSION: Photographs interpret reality.
REASONING: Photographs express worldviews.
ANALYSIS: Sufficient assumption questions always have a gap between evidence and conclusion. Look at the conclusion, split it apart, fill in the evidence, and you’ll see a gap. The right answer fills that gap.
Photographs ➞ express worldview Interpret reality.
We need this conditional statement to fill the gap: Express worldview ➞ interpretation of reality
- This doesn’t match at all. The conclusion is about photographs being interpretations of reality. This answer talks about interpreting subjects, which is different. And it’s not the sort of statement that tells us something definitive about all photographs.
- CORRECT. This fills the gap. See the analysis above. All photographs express a worldview, so this answer tells us that they therefore interpret reality.
- We don’t care about all visual art, we only care about photographs. And this answer tells us nothing new about photographs.
- This gets things backwards. We’re trying to prove that photographs are interpretations of reality. This tells us what happens if photographs are interpretations of reality.
This answer is an incorrect reversal of B, the correct answer.
- This repeats information we already knew. The first sentence said that all photographs express the worldview of photographers.
To see this, cut out the parts in between the commas, and just read the main clause of the first sentence: “Photographers….express their own worldview in photographs.”
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