QUESTION TYPE: Must be True
- More consumers downtown means more profits for downtown businesses.
- A decreased cost of living downtown means that more consumers will live there.
- The profits of downtown business will not increase unless congestion decreases.
ANALYSIS: This is counterintuitive. We’re told profits can’t increase unless congestion decreases. But that just means less congestion is a necessary condition for increased profits. We can reword statement three as:
“If profits increase then congestion will decrease.” It’s odd, but logically true based on the stimulus.
We can combine all three statements.
Decreased cost of living ➞ More consumers ➞ More profits ➞ less congestion
Logically, that does work. Lower cost of living and more people lead to less congestion. More consumers lead to more profits, always. And if profits go up then congestion goes down…somehow.
So answer choice B is correct even though it doesn’t mention congestion.
- We don’t know. We only know that downtown traffic can prevent an increase in profits.
- CORRECT. The first two sentences tell us this. Lower cost of living equals more consumers. More consumers lead to more profits. It’s the first three statements in the logical chain above.
- Same as A. We only know that traffic is somehow related to profits. We don’t know if it is related to cost of living.
- Same as A and C. We have no idea if or how traffic congestion is related to cost of living.
- This mixes things up. The number of consumers present increases profits. But increased profits might not draw in more consumers.
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