QUESTION TEXT: Principle: If a food product contains ingredients…
QUESTION TYPE: Principle – Flawed Reasoning
CONCLUSION: We don’t need to label this food as containing genetically engineered ingredients.
REASONING: Most people wouldn’t care that it contains genetically engineered ingredients. If most people do care, then we should label.
ANALYSIS: This is a classic logical flaw – an incorrect negation of the sufficient condition. We know this statement: Most people care ? should label
But that doesn’t mean we shouldn’t label in all other situations. There could be other reasons to say that a food contains genetically engineered ingredients. Maybe a small percentage of people are deathly allergic to the genetically engineered ingredients in question. How can evidence that we should label in some situations also be evidence that we shouldn’t label in other situations? It doesn’t make any sense.
I’ll give an example to make things clear: If I say that a park is a good place to walk your dog, do I mean that’s the only place you should walk your dog? No. It’s good to wear a jacket when it’s raining. Do I mean you shouldn’t wear one when it’s snowing? Not at all. It’s good to label products if most people would get upset otherwise. Do I mean you should never label products under other circumstances? Of course not.
- So? Consumers of food in general don’t matter; we only care about consumers of specific foods. For those foods, do most consumers care whether certain ingredients were on the label?
- The argument claims that Crackly Crisps shouldn’t be labelled. This answer says the ingredients are safe, which helps the conclusion.
- Which value judgment? The application doesn’t say whether labeling is good or bad.
- This answer choice is about whether people would buy something. The question is about whether we should label something.
- CORRECT. We should label if people would get upset otherwise. That doesn’t mean we don’t have to label if few people will get upset. There could be other reasons to label.
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