DISCUSSION: Lines 7-9 explain what the radicals meant by useful. They wanted literature to help create a new society.
- It was Dostoyevsky who used fantasy in his work, and he didn’t care whether art was demonstrably useful (paragraph 4).
- Lines 35-41 mention a novel should communicate an author’s ideas. That was part of Dostoyevsky’s definition of “artistic merit”; he wasn’t talking about usefulness.
- CORRECT. This matches lines 7-9, which describe the radicals’ idea of the purpose of literature. They thought literature should help reform society.
- This is Dostoyevsky’s view from lines 20-21, but he was describing whether or not artists should be realistic. Dostoyevsky didn’t mention anything about usefulness until paragraph 4.
- Nobody mentioned the importance of promoting their theory of literature. The radicals wanted literature to promote social change, and Dostoyevsky seemed mostly concerned with artistic merit (paragraph 3).
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