QUESTION TYPE: Role in Argument
CONCLUSION: The position of the driver’s seat probably affects driving safety.
REASONING: The driving seat affects comfort and vision. These affect safety.
ANALYSIS: The sentence in question introduces two reasons why the position of the driving seat may affect safety.
The argument goes on to justify those two reasons. So the sentence is question is evidence that supports the conclusion. It is also supported by other evidence.
You might think that the sentence is therefore an intermediate conclusion. Don’t get hung up on this type of distinction. Just know which way the evidence flows and you’ll be able to find the best answer, whether it says ‘premise’ or ‘intermediate conclusion’.
You should be able to see that the second sentence is the conclusion. Any sentence that gives the author’s opinion or a probability is usually the conclusion. The second sentence does both.
- The second sentence is the conclusion. The author gives his opinion on whether car seat position affects safety (it probably does).
- The author doesn’t disprove any claims in the argument. This is nonsense.
- The author didn’t explain any phenomena. He’s speculating about whether seat position affects safety. He thinks it doesn’t, but he hasn’t looked at evidence to see if he is correct.
- Same as B. The author doesn’t argue against any claims.
- CORRECT. The sentence in question gives us two reasons why seat position probably does affect safety.
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Graeme teaches how to break down arguments, quickly