QUESTION TYPE: Principle
CONCLUSION: Medicals researchers shouldn’t keep their research confidential.
REASONING: Humans might suffer if researchers keep research confidential.
ANALYSIS: You can’t assume any moral principles on the LSAT. Even something as obvious as: ‘it is a bad thing for humans to suffer needlessly’.
Pretend you’re a space alien. You can assume facts are true, such as ‘humans breathe oxygen’. But you can’t assume anything about what is right or wrong.
Many modern principle-justify questions simply ask you to assume the moral principle that already ‘feels’ right.
- Too narrow. This doesn’t cover behavior that only ‘might’ cause humans to suffer. The stimulus doesn’t say that withholding info always causes suffering.
- That’s nice. But this is just a conditional statement – it doesn’t tell us anything about the world. It’s like saying ‘if I had a billion dollars, I’d be rich’. That statement doesn’t help pay my electricity bill, and this statement doesn’t justify the stimulus.
- CORRECT. Here we go. It’s definitely possible that withholding info causes suffering. This principle tells us that it’s wrong to allow that possibility.
- This is useless. Maybe researchers also have a moral obligation not to share company info. This principle says researchers must obey all obligations.
- This tells us what would be wrong for a company to withhold information. The stimulus is about what researchers should do.
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