DISCUSSION: As with all questions of this type, you can prove the answer 100% correct by finding references in both passages.
If you’re reading this explanation, there’s good odds that you chose answer D. But only passage A mentions a paradox. Watch out for this on comparative passages. Passage A does not determine what’s true in passage B.
You might have hesitated about E because passage A doesn’t directly mention data. But passage A cites a study. Everyone would agree that a scientific study is data. That’s an example of a warranted term shift.
- The first sentence of the second paragraph shows that the author of passage B disagrees with biological origins. Passage A never mentions biology.
- Neither author does this. I have no idea what this answer refers to – neither passage mentions what popular opinion thinks of the theories discussed. If you picked this, you have some self-examination to do. Ask yourself what gave you the impression this was correct – you’ll avoid many errors if you figure out why you chose this. Note: the first sentence of the second paragraph shows that the theory is commonly heard, but that could just mean several researchers mention it, but not the general public.
- Same as B. This is completely unsupported. Examine your thought process to see why you found this tempting.
- Very tempting. The first lines shows that the author of passage A believes that the data represent a paradox. But the author of passage B never mentions a paradox. They seem to think that the situation is perfectly clear: we’re motivated by success and value, end of story.This answer is hard because the early mention of ‘paradox’ sets the tone for both passages. Remember not to carry ideas from passage A into passage B.
- CORRECT. The author of passage A cites a study (the fourth paragraph). That’s data.
The author of passage B mentions data directly: see the second sentence of the second paragraph.
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