QUESTION TEXT: Medical school professor: Most malpractice suits arise…
QUESTION TYPE: Most Strongly Supported
- Most medical lawsuits happen because people think their doctors are negligent or careless.
- Doctors are less compassionate than they used to be, and more rude and patronizing.
- This is because doctors view medicine as a science, and because certain economic incentives encourage doctors to treat patients rudely.
ANALYSIS: On most strongly supported questions you need to see how the facts fit together. I’ve rearranged the facts from the stimulus into three key groupings. I prephrased the answer as “economic incentives and the view of medicine as a science contribute to lawsuits”, but the right answer didn’t do this.
Instead the right answer just rephrased the second sentence of the stimulus (note: not the second fact above.)
- We know that economic incentives are a factor. But that doesn’t mean they are the main cause. For instance, we also know that the view that medicine is a science encourages lawsuits.
- We know that both economic incentives and the view of medicine as a science encourage doctors to treat patients rudely. But we don’t know why doctors view medicine as a science – the stimulus didn’t say. You can’t say that two things are linked just because they produce the same effect.
- Careful. We know that most lawsuits arise due to patients’ perceptions. But perceptions can be accurate! So perceived negligence could be actual negligence, and the lawsuits could be justified.
- This is way too strong. The scientific outlook certainly has some downsides (rudeness, etc.), but it may have advantages as well.
- CORRECT. This is just a restatement of the second sentence. Doctors view medicine as a science, and this makes them less compassionate. The way you view something is an action, and being less compassionate is the same as not caring.
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