QUESTION TEXT: Student: Before completing my research paper…
QUESTION TYPE: Complete the Argument
CONCLUSION: The paper will be worse if the student can’t find the book.
Book ➞ Worse
REASONING: If they can’t find the book, they can’t make a citation, and therefore can’t use the quotation. The paper will be worse without the quotation.
Book ➞ Citation ➞ Worse
ANALYSIS: To finish this, you need to look carefully at what the student says. They are not saying the paper will be ruined without the quotation. They’re just saying the paper will be worse without the quotation.
The evidence already makes two conditional statements that can be connected. The conclusion just states the start and end of the conditional chain.
- This doesn’t follow. The student says they can’t use the quotation without an accurate citation. So presumably there’s no point to an inaccurate citation.
- Look at the final sentence. The paper will be better with the quotation. That implies it’s still possible to write the paper without the quotation. The paper will be worse, but it won’t be impossible to finish.
Also, this answer leaves out “if I do not find the book”.
- CORRECT. This really fits well with the final sentence. The final sentence says the paper will be worse without the quote. And we know the book is necessary for the quote. So it follows that the book is necessary for not making the paper worse.
- This contradicts the stimulus. The stimulus said that without the citation, the student can’t include the quote.
- Same as B. The student says their paper will be worse without the quotation. So presumably they still can finish the paper without it. The paper will just be lower quality.
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