QUESTION TEXT: Clearly, a democracy cannot thrive without..
QUESTION TYPE: Sufficient Assumption
CONCLUSION: Democracies need good news media.
Democracy ➞ Media
REASONING: Democracies need a knowledgeable electorate. Electorates can’t be knowledgeable without unbiased information about the government.
Democracy ➞ knowledgeable electorate ➞ unbiased information
ANALYSIS: Sufficient assumption questions are very formulaic. You can follow a three step process.
- Identify the conclusion and split it apart.
- Attach the evidence onto the parts of the conclusion.
- Spot the gap. This will be the answer.
Democracy ➞ knowledgeable electorate ➞ unbiased information Media
The gap is between unbiased information and the media.
- This gets things backwards. The argument said democracies require media, but that doesn’t mean that media always lead to democracy.
- This just reverses one of the statements from the argument. It doesn’t help show that unbiased information requires the media.
- This just reverses the evidence we already have. It doesn’t help us prove anything about media.
Knowledgeable electorate ➞ democracy
- This is just a weird statement. It says that democracy will fail if people encounter any biased information. That’s crazy! Virtually all democracies would fail if that’s true.
More to the point, this doesn’t let us connect the reasoning to the need for media.
- CORRECT. This fills the gap.
Unbiased information ➞ media.
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