QUESTION TEXT: Amber—fossilized tree resin sold as a gemstone…
QUESTION TYPE: Strengthen
CONCLUSION: Amber pieces are more likely to be fake if they contain an ordinary looking insect.
REASONING: No evidence is given.
ANALYSIS: Sometimes, an argument will provide zero support for its position. In such cases, you should just focus on the facts in the conclusion. All we know is that the author thinks normal insects indicate fakeness.
Most of the wrong answers don’t even say what features real amber has as compared to a fake.
- This doesn’t tell us anything about which amber pieces are more likely to be fake.
- So? It’s possible that “fake amber” is also made larger, in order to mimic real fossilized amber.
- This explain why forgers insert insects. But it doesn’t explain why normal seeming insects indicate fakeness.
- This indicates a difficulty in deciding which amber is fake. But it doesn’t tell us how to tell whether an amber is fake.
- CORRECT. This explains the situation. Real fossilized insects typically struggle. So that shows that normal seeming insects are more likely fake.
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