DISCUSSION: The right answer will be directly supported in the passage. You shouldn’t try to help a wrong answer be correct. Instead, if in doubt, you should look for textual support from the passage.
- We have no evidence for this. In fact, the author’s whole thesis is that woodland clearings weren’t the result of deliberate attempts to increase grazing areas.
- We have no evidence for this. It’s an incredibly broad statement. You’d need to consider all human societies, and find definitive proof that no others used pathways beforehand.
Note that this answer also doesn’t say “wooded pathways”. Any path would count. It would be surprising if no population had ever used a path before 12,000 years ago.
- You may have picked this because you saw the reference to spirits in line 44. Believing in forest spirits isn’t the same as worshipping nature. That would be like saying “This person believes in haunted houses, therefore they worship ghosts”.
- CORRECT. Lines 51-53 say this. If a society has wilderness as a motivating concept, then clearly they do have wilderness as a “concept”.
- We have no evidence about Mesolithic populations’ economic system. Really. Lines 8-17 show how shoddy our evidence is. We can’t even find evidence of animal preparation.
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