DISCUSSION: In lines 39-43, the author of passage B speaks very highly of cross examination, and views it as helpful for finding scientific truth.
There was something about that in passage A. Lines 12-17 are relevant: they say that the adversarial process doesn’t help us find scientific truth. Cross-examination is a key part of the adversarial process, so this seems like something that the author of passage B would disagree with.
Note that I found these lines before looking at the answers. It is helpful to see the lines in context. Remember also that you must judge each answer in relation specifically to lines 39-43 in passage B. That’s a very small part of the passage.
- Cross examination only happens at trial. The author of passage B said that lack of cross examination meant appeals judges shouldn’t research. So the fact that trials do have cross examination suggests the author of passage B might be ok with judicial research there.
- CORRECT. See the analysis above. Cross examination is a key part of the adversarial system, and the author of passage B says in lines 39-43 that cross examination helps find scientific truths.
- Both authors agree with this, and this has nothing to do with the cross examination excerpt quoted in this question.
- Cross examination helps expose erroneous evidence, so the author would seem to agree with the spirit of this statement.
- This seems to fit with what the author of passage B is saying: cross examination is part of the trial structure.
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