QUESTION TYPE: Sufficient Assumption
CONCLUSION: People who know Ellsworth will not be surprised that he’s offended by accusations that he has been unethical.
REASONING: Ellsworth is self-righteous and says his generation is less greedy.
ANALYSIS: The conclusion is that no one who knows Ellsworth will be surprised.
The evidence is that Ellsworth is self-righteous, and has been accused of wrongdoing.
You need to join the two. Answer choice E does this. You get:
Self righteous ➞ Easily Offended
So if you know Ellsworth is self-righteous, then you won’t be surprised that he’s easily offended as well. It’s a necessary condition.
The other answers are irrelevant nonsense designed to sound relevant.
- This doesn’t help. If Ellsworth’s friends though he was unethical, then they might be surprised that he took offense at the (true) accusations.
- Was Ellsworth offended by the previous accusations as well? This doesn’t help show that no one was surprised.
- This might mean that Ellsworth is a hypocrite, but it doesn’t explain why no one is surprised that he is offended.
- Just because someone is innocent doesn’t mean they will get offended.
- CORRECT. Everyone knows that Ellsworth is self-righteous. This tells us that everyone would therefore expect him to be easily offended.
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