QUESTION TYPE: Paradox – Exception
FACTS: People who drive cars with anti-lock brakes have more accidents even though anti-lock brakes are designed to make driving safer.
ANALYSIS: We’re trying to explain the number of accidents. The stimulus doesn’t mention how serious the accidents are.
The wrong answer choice (E) just shows anti-lock breaks shouldn’t reduce the rate of highway accidents. It does not show why anti-lock brakes actually cause more accidents.
- This helps. Maybe anti-lock brakes make you feel safe and you drive recklessly.
- That isn’t much good then, is it? Malfunctions explain why anti-lock brakes make us less safe.
- This could mean that people don’t pay for maintenance and so their brakes stop working.
- If people don’t know how to use anti-lock brakes then it’s easy to see why they have accidents.
- CORRECT. This is very tempting. But this doesn’t say that anti-lock brakes cause more accidents on highways. It just makes an obvious statement that highway accidents are more serious when they do happen.
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