QUESTION TEXT: High school students who feel that they…
QUESTION TYPE: Weaken
CONCLUSION: The morale boosting program has begun reducing dropout rates.
REASONING: Last year’s dropout rate was significantly lower than the previous year’s rate.
ANALYSIS: This is a causation-correlation error. There could have been something else that affected the dropout rate apart from the morale program.
- CORRECT. This weakens the argument because the stimulus tells us that students drop out and go work. If unemployment rises it will be much harder to go work. So the students may stay in school for that reason.
- So? We would expect people who drop out to have low morale. The morale boosting program was created to fix this problem. This answer choice doesn’t tell us if it worked or not.
- This confirms the argument’s evidence that the dropout rate was lower. That doesn’t weaken the argument.
- The argument is about people who drop out. This answer choice is about graduates. Graduates are irrelevant.
- This doesn’t add anything. The decline in dropout rates was spread across the whole city. We don’t know if more or fewer students dropped out in the schools with the lowest morale.
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