QUESTION TYPE: Flawed Reasoning
CONCLUSION: There is no link between the Egyptian and Mayan pyramids.
REASONING: The buildings are similar in design. But the Egyptian buildings were used as tombs while the Mayan buildings were used as temples.
ANALYSIS: The argument ignores the possibility that the two civilizations shared the same architectural idea (how to build the pyramids) with each other even though they ended up using the buildings for different purposes.
- Evidence is used clearly. It means: proof of an idea.
- The argument does try to appeal to reason: the buildings had different uses. The argument just isn’t very good at using reason.
- This isn’t circular reasoning. The argument actually provides evidence: the buildings had different uses.
- All words are precisely used. The problem is with the archaeologist’s reasoning.
- CORRECT. We would need evidence about how the two groups learned to build the pyramids, and whether they influenced each other.
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