QUESTION TEXT: John: It was wrong of you to…
QUESTION TYPE: Principle – Parallel Reasoning
CONCLUSION: Michiko concludes that John is to blame for the traffic accident.
REASONING: John knew he had poor vision and chose to drive. People are responsible for the consequences of their voluntary actions [if they know that their actions risk such consequences].
ANALYSIS: The principle is: if you choose to do something and you know the risk, then you are responsible for the consequences.
- CORRECT. Colleen knew she might miss her flight but she visited the Eiffel tower anyway. She is responsible.
- Here we don’t know if Colleen should be responsible. She didn’t know how her brother would react.
- We have no evidence that Colleen ought to have been aware of the recently published anti-theft manual or if she knew what precautions to take.
- Here Colleen had knowledge but she didn’t do anything that would make her responsible. She can’t control everything her brother does.
- This is a completely different situation. First, the stimulus only allows us to conclude if someone is responsible. Second, this has nothing to do with the consequences of Colleen’s actions.
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