QUESTION TYPE: Strengthen
CONCLUSION: General principles of justice are never enough to let us guess what social policies will be like within a particular state.
REASONING: People often fall back on the line “this is the way we do things here” when discussing societal justice [i.e. they ignore their stated principles.] An example of differential treatment for the elderly is given.
ANALYSIS: The answer choices are all examples. We can support the argument by finding an example of two societies that have similar principles of justice but different social policies.
Answers A and B deal with machines and forests. Social policies involve people.
Answers C and E involve societies with different principles of justice.
- Ballot counting machines generally aren’t considered to have large implications for social policy.
- This isn’t a matter of social policy. It could be geography. Canada has more forest than Egypt because of climate.
- This is interesting, but we’re looking for a place with the same principles but different policies.
- CORRECT. Same principles and different social policies. Day care is a social policy.
- Similar to C. We want a place adhering to the same principles that has different social policies.
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