QUESTION TYPE: Flawed Reasoning
CONCLUSION: The vast majority of high school students want to graduate. The dropout rate can’t be blamed on a lack of motivation.
REASONING: A single survey of 1000 high school students from a mid-sized city found that 89% want to graduate.
ANALYSIS: This survey may not be representative. There could be big differences between those three high schools and high schools in other cities. Or between those high schools and rural high schools.
- 89% of pretty clearly an overwhelming majority. Only 11% said no, at most.
- The conclusions don’t conflict: students want to graduate and the reason the drop out rate is so high is not because students don’t want to graduate.
- The argument says “if…the dropout rate…is high.” It’s open to the possibility that it isn’t high.
- Nope. The argument is claiming that some other reason explains the alleged dropout rate. Maybe they need to get a job to help pay the bills.
- CORRECT. There can be massive differences between cities. The survey should have looked at students nationwide.
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