QUESTION TEXT: Publicity campaigns for endangered species are unlikely…
QUESTION TYPE: Necessary Assumption
CONCLUSION: It’s not likely that publicity campaigns for endangered species will help solve the most important environmental problems.
REASONING: It’s easy to make people want to save large mammals. It’s very hard to make people care about soil microorganisms.
ANALYSIS: The argument is assuming that the most important environmental problems depend on doing more than saving the largest mammal species.
- CORRECT. If all of the most important environmental problems just involve large mammals then maybe publicity campaigns will work.
- It doesn’t matter what feelings microorganisms have. It only matters whether or not we can convince people to save them.
- This is irrelevant. The argument was claiming that publicity campaigns won’t work. It would be sad if they were the most effective way, but that’s all.
- It isn’t necessary that this is always the case. People might pay attention to environmental problems that threatened them directly, for example. That wouldn’t weaken the argument.
- The argument wouldn’t be weakened if an organism could be environmentally significant despite not affecting large ecosystems or agriculture.
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