QUESTION TEXT: A 1991 calculation was made to determine…
QUESTION TYPE: Weaken
CONCLUSION: People’s decision not to exercise costs society a lot of money.
REASONING: Sedentary people cost society $1650 on average.
ANALYSIS: We need to find a reason why reducing sedentary-ness won’t reduce costs, or why we can’t reduce sedentary-ness.
The correct answer shows that sedentary-ness is often not a choice. Further, the poor health that causes sedentary-ness could also be the cause of the increased costs associated with being sedentary.
- This doesn’t tell us whether those people are classified as sedentary or not. And it doesn’t weaken the argument that being sedentary costs us money.
- This might explain why some people are sedentary. It doesn’t weaken the argument that they cost us money.
- CORRECT. This shows that bad health (which costs a lot) causes sedentary-ness. So being sedentary is often an effect, not a cause.
- Of course. But this doesn’t weaken the idea that we cost the system more by choosing to exercise less.
- This shows that exercise can make us feel good. But it doesn’t weaken the idea that laziness costs society money.
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