QUESTION TYPE: Most Helpful to Know
CONCLUSION: Yang concludes that researchers should focus on the function of the brain rather than the structure.
REASONING: Yang claims that focusing on the structure will lead to failure. Flying machines modeled after birds all failed.
ANALYSIS: Yang’s analogy about flying machines is important. It would be very helpful to know if the first non-bird flying machines were made possible by studying the structure of birds.
- CORRECT. If this were true then Yang’s analogy isn’t much good. Studying the structure of the brain might give us ideas for building an intelligent computer, even if we eventually used a very different structure.
- This would be more helpful in evaluating Anders’ argument. It would show us if the brain’s type of thinking matched the proposed thought process for “thinking machines.”
- This doesn’t matter. The brain is more complex than an aircraft; it might take much longer to build a thinking machine. Or it might not. But it doesn’t affect Yang’s argument.
- This doesn’t matter. It would only affect how feasible the research proposed by Anders’ would be. This doesn’t affect Yang’s argument that we shouldn’t focus on structure.
- It’s to be expected that some flying machines not modeled on birds failed. What’s important for Yang is that some worked, unlike flying machines modeled on birds.
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