QUESTION TYPE: Flawed Reasoning
ARGUMENTS: Mrs. Smith doesn’t think it’s fair that her son had to miss recess when he had not thrown raisins.
The principal argues that it’s like a traffic jam caused by an accident: even the innocent must suffer.
ANALYSIS: The principal ignores the school’s responsibility. They decided that all students had to suffer. The situation wasn’t inevitable.
- The generalization is that all students in the class had to suffer. That’s true: all students missed recess.
- No it doesn’t. The situation is just an analogy to get across the idea that people can suffer even when they do no wrong.
- CORRECT. The school didn’t have to punish all of the children.
- The principal implies he knows that her son it not guilty.
- The principal didn’t introduce any facts. He just made an analogy to a traffic jam.
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