QUESTION TYPE: Necessary Assumption
CONCLUSION: Today’s generation (TV viewers) don’t exercise their imaginations as much as previous generations (radio listeners) did.
REASONING: The author mentions that radio required imagination by requiring visualization. (As a common sense assumption we know that TV doesn’t require visualization.)
ANALYSIS: This argument missed two possibilities:
- TV doesn’t require visualization, but it still requires imagination in some others ways (e.g. imagining what might happen next.)
- The TV generation is exposed to other things that require imagination. (TV and radio aren’t the only possibly sources of stimulation.)
- This doesn’t matter. If people spend less time watching TV, they aren’t necessarily filling in the extra time with activities that require imagination.
- This is irrelevant. The author never mentioned familiarity as a factor.
- The author wasn’t saying which forms of entertainment were desirable. They were just making a factual claim about the effect entertainment had on imagination.
- CORRECT. This works. The conclusion was about whether the generation requires imagination. It wasn’t strictly about TV.
Negation: Internet usage requires imagination and fills the gap left by radio as a means for exercising the imagination.
(I’ve negated this to “internet”, but it could be anything. There are multiple ways to make a statement false.)
- This is a trap answer. The question isn’t whether TV drama makes you think. It’s whether it makes you think as much as radio did.
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