QUESTION TYPE: Principle
- Children were taught the word “stairs” by walking up and down stairs.
- Later, the same children saw a person climbing a ladder. They called the ladder stairs.
ANALYSIS: There’s not much to be done on a question like this. I did prephrase a couple of ideas. Maybe the answer will be “children take a word to have a broad meaning”.
- The object was “stairs”. The children did see the object – they climbed up and down stairs.
- The object was “stairs”. The children were shown how stairs are used. Yet the children did not learn the correct meaning of stairs.
- We have no way of knowing this. “Earlier” implies a comparison, but we only know about one group of children.
- CORRECT. This is the best answer. The object was “stairs”. Ladders are similar to stairs, and the children applied the meaning of stairs to the ladder.
- “Best learn” implies a comparison, but the stimulus only showed us one situation. Also, we don’t know whether other objects were present.
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