QUESTION TYPE: Strengthen
CONCLUSION: You should pretend to be confident if you want to succeed.
REASONING: It’s easier to be successful if you truly believe you can be successful.
ANALYSIS: This is the “fake it till you make it” argument, and it tends to be good advice. But it’s missing a step. The reason it works is that pretending to be confident can make you confident. This works in other areas too: it’s hard to be sad if you’re smiling, etc. Faking a feeling can produce that feeling.
But this is outside knowledge. An argument is stronger if you make this kind of information explicit, and the right answer does that.
- The passage didn’t talk about convincing others you could succeed. It’s giving advice on how to actually succeed. You can convince others you’ll succeed, but then fail.
- CORRECT. Genuine confidence helps you succeed, and this tells us that fake confidence helps you get genuine confidence.
- Is fake confidence the same thing as determination? This answer doesn’t match up with anything from the stimulus.
- This tells us many people aren’t faking confidence. But it doesn’t tell us whether we should fake confidence if we don’t feel confident.
- The argument already told us we should feel confident and try to get rid of self-doubt. But this doesn’t help us prove that faking confidence will actually get rid of self-doubt.
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Graeme teaches how to break down arguments, quickly