QUESTION TEXT: A recent study shows that those highways…
QUESTION TYPE: Paradox
FACTS: Congested highways have the lowest fatal accident rate.
ANALYSIS: Think of any real, congested highway you’ve been on. Things tend to move slowly. And it’s hard to have a major accident when traffic doesn’t move. It helps to think through situations based on your real life experiences, as long as you don’t contradict anything from the question.
- People seem more likely to be bored and distracted on a congested road, so this adds to the confusion.
- This is consistent with the stimulus, but it doesn’t explain anything. We already knew that non-congested roads have more accidents than congested roads.
- Does commuting make you more or less likely to have an accident? I have no idea, and this doesn’t say.
- CORRECT. Congested roads move slowly. So this tells us that they’ll have a lower rate of serious accidents, at least, since serious accidents require speed.
- “Do not always carry” more trucks? That’s impossibly vague. I don’t know if that means 2% of the time or 99% of the time.
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