DISCUSSION: The rational model says that we’ll go after things that help us and avoid things that hurt us. So if the benefits outweigh the drawbacks, a decision is rational.
- This helps the waiter, and he doesn’t face much risk. Sounds like a smart move.
- It sounds like a good idea not to speed. There’s little benefit to speeding, and a high risk.
- The industrialist isn’t being a very good citizen, but he is acting rationally. He’s financially better off paying the fine than cleaning up the pollution.
- The official’s situation isn’t as clear as the situations in A-C. We’re not told whether the benefit of the bribes outweighs the risk of prosecution. But at least there is a benefit, unlike answer choice E.
- CORRECT. The worker doesn’t get any long term benefit from assaulting his supervisor and he risks going to jail. It’s a dumb move.
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