DISCUSSION: Each answer has three parts. These match the three paragraphs in the passage.
You can eliminate answers by looking at each part individually. For instance, A and C say that the study is described/evaluated in the first paragraph.
Nope. The first paragraph describes the problem. The study is described in paragraphs 2-3. So A and C are out.
You can eliminate B and D similarly, by identifying parts that simply aren’t true.
- The study is described in paragraphs 2-3, not the first paragraph.
- The hypothesis is in lines 17-21: the Dutch study can help speed recovery. The rest of the passage supports this hypothesis. There’s no evidence against it.
- The study is evaluated in the 2nd and 3rd paragraphs, not the first.
- The goal in the first paragraph is that we should restore farmland. The passage never modified this goal, it just told us how to achieve it faster.
- CORRECT. Close enough. The first paragraph describes a problem, and the second paragraph describes the study.
The third part isn’t quite right. The final paragraph continues to describe the study. The passage doesn’t give us much of a plan of action: it just says to spread diversity above and below ground. But, that’s at least practical advice.
This is still the best answer, which is what we’re looking for. The other answers are all clearly wrong.
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