DISCUSSION: For questions like this, there will be a few lines that directly support the right answer. If you don’t find those lines, you’re just guessing. With a small bit of practice you can learn to find lines within 3-5 seconds.
- The first sentence of the fourth paragraph and the third sentence of the third paragraph directly contradict this. The author cares mainly about how many lives we can save.
- CORRECT. The third sentence of the first paragraph supports this. Voluntariness is a difference between expert judgments and regular judgments. Experts care about lives saved, regular people care whether an activity was voluntary.
- The passage never says what other risks airline passengers face, apart from crashes.
- The whole point of the passage is that voluntariness is not a useful concept. The author doesn’t care whether or how we decide that something is voluntary.
- The second sentence of the second paragraph touches on this. The author doesn’t give an exhaustive opinion on what risks are completely involuntary. They only mention asteroid risks – there could be other involuntary risks as well.
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