QUESTION TEXT: Many conceptual categories are parts of…
QUESTION TYPE: Flawed Parallel Reasoning
CONCLUSION: We should abandon dichotomous categories.
REASONING: There are some exceptions to dichotomous categories.
ANALYSIS: This argument makes a perfectionist error. It’s like saying that we should abandon all buildings because some buildings have structural flaws.
So the parallel argument will say that something should be stopped because a few examples are bad.
A lot of the detail in this argument (matter to energy, life forms being both animal and plant, etc.) is just that, detail. It’s not structurally relevant to making a parallel argument.
- This is a good argument, if the consultants’ report is correct.
- CORRECT. This matches. The fact that some anti-anxiety drugs are bad doesn’t mean that all anti-anxiety drugs are bad.
- This is a good argument. All drunk drivers are dangerous so we should get all drunk drivers off the road.
- This doesn’t match. The stimulus was talking about all (or almost all) cases of dichotomous classification, whereas this answer is just talking about one specific set of peaches.
- This is a pretty good argument. The author has shown the budget is flawed. So presumably the budget should be replaced, unless for some reason that’s impossible.
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