DISCUSSION: The purpose of the passage is to give an alternate hypothesis explaining the origin of woodland clearings in Mesolithic Europe.
- This doesn’t mention woodland clearings!
- CORRECT. This is a good summary. The non-economic model = fear of wilderness leading to paths, which led to clearings. Resource-procurement = increasing grazing land so as to make good hunting.
- The author is clear that archaeological evidence is limited. See lines 8-9 and 18-20. Those refer to archaeological evidence for the resource model. There also is none for the author’s model, otherwise they would have cited it.
- This answer mixes together two unrelated lines. The plant record is mentioned in lines 10-12. The hypothesis that Mesolithic humans moved using paths is introduced in lines 39-41. The author never links these two areas of the passage.
- This contradicts the passage. Ethnography is circumstantial. See lines 8-9 and 18-20.
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