QUESTION TYPE: Necessary Assumption
CONCLUSION: Computers can’t currently be made significantly faster.
REASONING: Making a chip smaller without lowering sophistication will increase speed. We can’t do this at the moment.
ANALYSIS: The argument assumes that we can only increase chip speed by making them smaller. They also assume that we can only make computers faster by increasing chip speed.
Maybe we could make chips faster without making them smaller. Or maybe we could make a computer faster by improving other parts of the computer.
This question negates a sufficient condition for increased computer speed, and incorrectly assumes that negates the necessary condition. We have to assume the sufficient condition was also necessary.
- CORRECT. If there are other ways to make computers faster than maybe we can do it, even if we can’t shrink chips.
- This isn’t necessary. We already know that shrinking chips isn’t an option.
- The argument isn’t saying we should decrease sophistication. The author just says that we can’t shrink chips without losing sophistication.
- Who cares what manufacturers believe? They could all be wrong.
- The passage never mentioned increasing sophistication. In fact, if we can increase speed by increasing sophistication, then maybe they argument is wrong. This assumption might harm the argument.
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