DISCUSSION: On this sort of question, the passage will usually directly say the right answer.
Rather than spend time “thinking” about which of two answers is right, you’re better off just checking the passage to see if it says the answer. If you have a good map of the passage, you can find most facts in 3-5 seconds (this can be practiced).
“Thought” is not useful on this sort of question. Memory recall and ability to locate text is what this type of question tests.
- CORRECT. Lines 6-11 say this directly.
- Physical needs are only mentioned on line 16, and Marcuse never says that society fails to satisfy our basic physical needs.
Instead, Marcuse claims that we live in an unsatisfying society (lines 8-9). It’s possible to be unsatisfied even if needs are met.
- This answer is not one of Marcuse’s ideas. This is something the author argues would be true if Marcuse were right….it’s an implication of Marcuse’s ideas. People can hold ideas without believing in the implications of their ideas.
e.g. Someone who believes that more people should move to the city center but who doesn’t realize this will cause more buildings to be built.
That person believes something but doesn’t believe a natural implication of their idea.
- Marcuse says that corporations benefit from advertising (lines 13-15). Marcuse doesn’t mention totalitarian political systems or whether they benefit from advertising.
- This isn’t what Marcuse says at all. False needs don’t become real needs. And advertising derives false needs from real needs (lines 17-21)….the passage never distinguishes real needs from “secondary real needs”.
This answer is nonsense designed to sound plausible because it uses some words that appeared in the passage.
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