DISCUSSION: When a question quotes lines, you should always read around them. If you read lines 31-34, the term “forces of persuasion” is clear.
It’s the manipulations of advertisers. The argument in paragraph 3 says that these manipulations change even our instinctive judgements (line 34).
- The passage isn’t about “dishonest” claims in advertising. Misinformation is only mentioned in passing in line 40.
- If you read lines 31-34, line 32 is clearly referring to advertisers. Advertisers are not innate and instinctive drives.
- This answer aims to confuse you by making up a term similar to one that was mentioned elsewhere in the passage (“emotional”).
The passage never mentions “emotional pressure”. Line 44 mentions emotional fulfillment. That has nothing to do with line 32.
- “Social indoctrination” might refer to advertising (it’s a stretch), but the passage definitely doesn’t talk about state sponsored indoctrination.
This answer only makes sense if you’re trying to prove it right, and paper over the flaws. Instead, you should be trying to prove answers wrong.
- CORRECT. If you read all of lines 31-34, they say exactly this. Line 31 says “manipulation of advertisers”. Line 34 says that this manipulation, these forces of persuasion affect our instinctive judgements.
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