QUESTION TEXT: Farmers who use genetically engineered plants…
QUESTION TYPE: Identify the Conclusion
CONCLUSION: Farmers are making a poor decision if they grow genetically engineered crops.
REASONING: There’s a risk that a study could undermine consumer confidence in GMOs. GMOs don’t have a high enough price to compensate for this risk.
ANALYSIS: Normally I think “identify the conclusion” questions are quite easy, but I found this harder than average. At first, I thought the opening sentence was the conclusion.
It’s not. The second sentence is the conclusion: it’s unwise to grow GMOs. The evidence is that a new study could destroy the market for GMOs. To compensate, GMOs should pay higher prices. But they don’t, so farmers face a major risk with no compensation.
To identify the conclusion, always ask yourself if a sentence supports other sentences, or receives support. The second sentence supports no other sentence, and receives support from the others.
- This is evidence that growing GMOs is unwise.
- CORRECT. See the analysis above. The financial risk of GMOs means that it’s unwise to grow them.
- This is evidence that therefore it’s unwise to grow genetically engineered crops.
- This is evidence that there’s financial risk. In turn, that’s evidence that it’s unwise to grow GMOs.
- This is evidence. Consumers’ low confidence helps show that there’s financial risk, which makes it unwise to grow GMOs.
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