QUESTION TYPE: Identify the Conclusion
CONCLUSION: It is wrong to say that reef fish are colorful because reefs are colorful.
REASONING: Reefs aren’t colorful.
ANALYSIS: This is a dense stimulus that hides a very short argument. Notice the word “however” at the start of the third sentence. “However” indicates the conclusion.
The conclusion says that “this suggestion” is wrong. So you have to read back to see what the suggestion is: the idea was the reefs are colorful, and therefore reef fish are colorful for camouflage.
- The conclusion is that the hypothesis in this answer is wrong.
- This is a true statement, but it’s not the conclusion. The conclusion is that the colorful camouflage statement is wrong.
- CORRECT. Read the third sentence, starting with “however”. This is the conclusion.
- This is evidence supporting the conclusion. Colorful fish aren’t camouflaging themselves in reefs.
- This is evidence that supports the conclusion. The conclusion is that fish aren’t camouflaging themselves.
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Graeme teaches how to break down arguments, quickly