QUESTION TYPE: Flawed Reasoning
CONCLUSION: Organic factors aren’t evenly distributed.
REASONING: Mental illness symptoms vary around the world. Organic factors cause mental illness.
ANALYSIS: I couldn’t prephrase this one. I just looked through the answers quickly, and eliminated those that didn’t seem correct. I then returned to the answer that remained (C). On flaw questions, you’re looking for two things:
- The answer actually happened. Almost all flaw answer choices don’t occur in the stimulus.
- The answer is actually a flaw. For example, answer A may have happened, but it’s not an error.
As for the stimulus itself, I don’t have much commentary. The main thing I took from it is that mental illnesses vary around the world, and that the author thinks that this means organic factors vary.
- This isn’t a flaw. From context, the author appears to be talking about all mental illnesses.
- The stimulus didn’t talk about nutrient deficiencies! This answer used that word because you’ve probably only heard deficiency refer to food. They know you well and they trapped you! “Deficiency” can refer to many things. The stimulus was about the brain being short of certain compounds. Not necessarily due to diet.
- CORRECT. This is a flaw. Cultures have many differences around the world. This can change how symptoms appear. In that case, the same organic compounds might be deficient around the world. But how people react to deficiencies would change due to culture.
- The argument didn’t do this! An answer can’t be a flaw unless it happens.
Example of flaw: Well, his brain chemistry changed in a really, really insignificant way, so obviously his mental condition will change.
- The argument didn’t say this. Whether or not this is a flaw, it didn’t happen in the argument.
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